Karnala Bird Sanctuary

The Karnala Bird Sanctuary is located in Panvel Taluka of Raigad District. The sanctuary is quite small with an area of 12.11 square kilometres. The sanctuary is centred on the historic Karnala fort having an elevation of around 1400 feet. The sanctuary is open from 6 AM to 5 PM every day.

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Nestled in the heart of the bustling Mumbai Metropolitan Region, the Karnala Bird Sanctuary stands as a serene testament to the city’s rich biodiversity. It is one of the three wildlife sanctuaries, along with Tansa and Tunagreshwar, located in close proximity to Mumbai city. Spread across 12.11 sq km of lush green landscape, Karnala is a haven for birdwatchers, nature enthusiasts, and anyone seeking solace in the lap of nature. With over 240 species of birds, including the elusive Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Malabar Parakeets, and Indian Pitta, the sanctuary offers a remarkable opportunity to witness Mumbai’s avian wonders up close. Whether you’re an avid birder or a novice, the melodious calls of residents and migratory birds will enchant you as you explore its picturesque trails. The sanctuary is centred around the historic Karnala Fort, which stands at an elevation of around 1400 feet.

Birding in the sanctuary: One can explore the various trails in sanctuary’s, such as the Hariyal Trail, Mortaka Trail, Tadamba Trail, and more, you’ll be surrounded by a mix of dry deciduous and semi-evergreen trees. The forest’s diverse flora and fauna offer an exceptional birding experience that is sure to delight nature lovers of all levels.

eBird Hotspot & bird checklist: https://ebird.org/india/hotspot/L961164

Nearest Train station: Panvel

Target species expected: Endemic birds like Malabar Parakeet, Grey Fronted Green Pigeon, Nilgiri Woodpigeon, and Crimson Backed Sunbird can be seen here. Other birds like Heart Spotted Woodpecker, Lesser Flameback, Yellow Crowned and Brown Capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Greater Racket Tailed and Bronzed Drongo are found as well. All 5 species of Sunbirds found in our region can be seen here. Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Indian Pitta and Slaty Legged Crake nest in the forests of Karnala.

Best time to visit: Nov-March & June-Sep